Common Cybersecurity Questions

Phishing is a type of cyber attack where hackers use fraudulent emails, text messages, or websites to trick victims into providing sensitive information such as passwords, credit card numbers, or social security numbers.


Spear phishing is a type of phishing attack that is targeted towards a specific individual or organization. The attacker uses information about the victim to create a personalized message that appears legitimate, increasing the likelihood of success.


Business email compromise (BEC) is a type of cyber attack where hackers gain access to a business email account and use it to carry out fraudulent activities. This can include requesting money transfers, stealing sensitive information, or sending malicious emails to other employees or clients.


CEO Fraud is a type of BEC attack where hackers impersonate a CEO or high-level executive to trick employees into making a financial transaction, such as a wire transfer or sending sensitive information.


Malware, short for malicious software, is any software designed to harm or exploit a computer system. This can include viruses, spyware, ransomware, and other types of harmful software.


Ransomware is a type of malicious software that encrypts a victim’s files and demands a ransom payment in exchange for the decryption key. Ransomware can be spread through email attachments, malicious links, or other methods.


A VPN, or Virtual Private Network, is a tool that encrypts a user’s internet connection, making it more secure and private. VPNs are commonly used to protect online activities from hackers, government surveillance, or other prying eyes.


A firewall is a network security tool that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing traffic based on predetermined security rules. Firewalls can help protect against unauthorized access, malware, and other threats.


Two-factor authentication (2FA) is a security mechanism that requires users to provide two forms of identification in order to access an account. This can include a password and a unique code sent to a mobile device, a fingerprint scan, or a smart card.


A data breach is an incident where an unauthorized person gains access to sensitive or confidential information. This can include personal information, financial data, or intellectual property. Data breaches can occur due to cyber attacks, human error, or other factors, and can have serious consequences for individuals or organizations.