Cloud Security Threats In 2022

cloud security threats in 2022

As we move through 2022, it’s important to be aware of the top cloud security threats that may impact your organization. In 2022, cloud security threats will continue to evolve and become more sophisticated.

 

Here is a list of things to consider in 2022:

1. Hardening Your Infrastructure

One of the best ways to protect your cloud infrastructure is to harden it against attacks. This involves making sure that your servers and other critical components are properly configured and up to date.

 

It is important to harden your operating system because many of the cloud security threats today exploit vulnerabilities in outdated software. For example, the WannaCry ransomware attack in 2017 took advantage of a flaw in the Windows operating system that had not been patched.

 

In 2021, ransomware attacks increased by 20%. As more companies move to the cloud, it is important to harden your infrastructure to protect against these types of attacks.

 

Hardening your infrastructure can help you mitigate many common attacks, including:

 

– DDoS attacks

– SQL injection attacks

– Cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks

What Is A DDoS Attack?

A DDoS attack is a type of cyber attack that targets a server or network with a flood of traffic or requests in order to overload it. DDoS attacks can be very disruptive and can cause a website or service to become unavailable for users.

DDos Attack Statistics:

– In 2018, there was a 300% increase in DDoS attacks compared to 2017.

– The average cost of a DDoS attack is $2.5 million.

What Is A SQL Injection Attack?

SQL injection attacks are a type of cyber attack that takes advantage of vulnerabilities in an application’s code to insert malicious SQL code into a database. This code can then be used to access sensitive data or even take control of the database.

 

SQL injection attacks are one of the most common types of attacks on the web. In fact, they are so common that the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) lists them as one of the top 10 web application security risks.

SQL Injection Attack Statistics:

– In 2017, SQL injection attacks were responsible for nearly 4,000 data breaches.

– The average cost of a SQL injection attack is $1.6 million.

What Is Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)?

Cross-site scripting (XSS) is a type of cyber attack that involves injecting malicious code into a web page. This code is then executed by unsuspecting users who visit the page, resulting in their computers being compromised.

 

XSS attacks are very common and are often used to steal sensitive information like passwords and credit card numbers. They can also be used to install malware on a victim’s computer or to redirect them to a malicious website.

Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Statistics:

– In 2017, XSS attacks were responsible for nearly 3,000 data breaches.

– The average cost of a XSS attack is $1.8 million.

2. Cloud Security Threats

There are a number of different cloud security threats that you need to be aware of. These include things like Denial of Service (DoS) attacks, data breaches, and even malicious insiders.



How Do Denial of Service (DoS) attacks Work?

DoS attacks are a type of cyber attack where the attacker seeks to make a system or network unavailable by flooding it with traffic. These attacks can be very disruptive, and can cause significant financial damage.

Denial Of Service Attack Statistics

– In 2019, there were a total of 34,000 DoS attacks.

– The average cost of a DoS attack is $2.5 million.

– DoS attacks can last for days or even weeks.

How Do Data Breaches Happen?

Data breaches occur when sensitive or confidential data is accessed without authorization. This can happen through a number of different methods, including hacking, social engineering, and even physical theft.

Data Breach Statistics

– In 2019, there were a total of 3,813 data breaches.

– The average cost of a data breach is $3.92 million.

– The average time to identify a data breach is 201 days.

How Do Malicious Insiders Attack?

Malicious insiders are employees or contractors who deliberately misuse their access to company data. This can happen for a number of reasons, including financial gain, revenge, or simply because they want to cause damage.

Insider Threat Statistics

– In 2019, malicious insiders were responsible for 43% of data breaches.

– The average cost of an insider attack is $8.76 million.

– The average time to detect an insider attack is 190 days.

3. How Do You Harden Your Infrastructure?

Security hardening is the process of making your infrastructure more resistant to attack. This can involve things like implementing security controls, deploying firewalls, and using encryption.

How Do You Implement Security Controls?

There are a number of different security controls that you can implement to harden your infrastructure. These include things like firewalls, access control lists (ACLs), intrusion detection systems (IDS), and encryption.

How To Create An Access Control List:

  1. Define the resources that need to be protected.
  2. Identify the users and groups that should have access to those resources.
  3. Create a list of permissions for each user and group.
  4. Implement the ACLs on your network devices.

What Are Intrusion Detection Systems?

Intrusion detection systems (IDS) are designed to detect and respond to malicious activity on your network. They can be used to identify things like attempted attacks, data breaches, and even insider threats.

How Do You Implement An Intrusion Detection System?

  1. Choose the right IDS for your needs.
  2. Deploy the IDS in your network.
  3. Configure the IDS to detect malicious activity.
  4. Respond to alerts generated by the IDS.

What Is A Firewall?

A firewall is a network security device that filters traffic based on a set of rules. Firewalls are a type of security control that can be used to harden your infrastructure. They can be deployed in a number of different ways, including on-premises, in the cloud, and as a service. Firewalls can be used to block incoming traffic, outgoing traffic, or both.

What Is An On-Premises Firewall?

An on-premises firewall is a type of firewall that is deployed on your local network. On-premises firewalls are typically used to protect small and medium-sized businesses.

What Is A Cloud Firewall?

A cloud firewall is a type of firewall that is deployed in the cloud. Cloud firewalls are typically used to protect large enterprises.

What Are The Benefits Of Cloud Firewalls?

Cloud Firewalls offer a number of benefits, including:

– Improved security

– Increased visibility into network activity

– Reduced complexity

– Lower costs for larger organizations

What Is A Firewall As A Service?

A firewall as a service (FaaS) is a type of cloud-based firewall. FaaS providers offer firewalls that can be deployed in the cloud. This type of service is typically used by small and medium-sized businesses. You shouldn’t use a firewall as a service if you have a large or complex network.

Benefits Of A FaaS

FaaS offers a number of benefits, including:

– Reduced complexity

– Increased flexibility

– Pay-as-you-go pricing model

How Do You Implement A Firewall As A Service?

  1. Choose a FaaS provider.
  2. Deploy the firewall in the cloud.
  3. Configure the firewall to meet your needs.

Are There Alternatives To Traditional Firewalls?

Yes, there are a number of alternatives to traditional firewalls. These include next-generation firewalls (NGFWs), web application firewalls (WAFs), and API gateways.

What Is A Next-Generation Firewall?

A next-generation firewall (NGFW) is a type of firewall that offers improved performance and features compared to traditional firewalls. NGFWs typically offer things like application-level filtering, intrusion prevention, and content filtering.

 

Application-level filtering allows you to control traffic based on the application that is being used. For example, you could allow HTTP traffic but block all other traffic.

 

Intrusion prevention allows you to detect and prevent attacks before they happen. 

 

Content filtering allows you to control what type of content can be accessed on your network. You can use content filtering to block things like malicious websites, porn, and gambling sites.

What Is A Web Application Firewall?

A web application firewall (WAF) is a type of firewall that is designed to protect web applications from attacks. WAFs typically offer features like intrusion detection, application-level filtering, and content filtering.

What Is An API Gateway?

An API gateway is a type of firewall that is designed to protect APIs from attacks. API gateways typically offer features like authentication, authorization, and rate limiting. 

 

Authentication is an important security feature because it ensures that only authorized users can access the API.

 

Authorization is an important security feature because it ensures that only authorized users can perform certain actions. 

 

Rate limiting is an important security feature because it helps to prevent denial of service attacks.

How Do You Use Encryption?

Encryption is a type of security measure that can be used to harden your infrastructure. It involves transforming data into a form that can only be read by authorized users.

 

Methods Of Encryption Include:

– Symmetric-key encryption

– Asymmetric-key encryption

– Public-key encryption

 

Symmetric-key encryption is a type of encryption where the same key is used to encrypt and decrypt data. 

 

Asymmetric-key encryption is a type of encryption where different keys are used to encrypt and decrypt data. 

 

Public-key encryption is a type of encryption where the key is made available to everyone.

4. How To Use Hardened Infrastructure From A Cloud Marketplace

One of the best ways to harden your infrastructure is to buy hardened infrastructure from a provider like AWS. This type of infrastructure is designed to be more resistant to attack, and can help you meet your security compliance requirements. Not all instances on AWS are created equal, however. AWS also offers non-hardened images that are not as resistant to attack as hardened images. One of the best ways to tell if an AMI is more resistant to attack is to make sure that the version is up to date to ensure that it has the latest security features.

 

Buying hardened infrastructure is much simpler than going through the process of hardening your own infrastructure. It can also be more cost-effective, as you won’t need to invest in the tools and resources required to harden your infrastructure yourself.

 

When buying hardened infrastructure, you should look for a provider that offers a wide range of security controls. This will give you the best chance of hardening your infrastructure against all types of attacks.

 

More Benefits Of Buying Hardened Infrastructure:

– Increased security

– Improved compliance

– Reduced cost

– Increased simplicity

 

Increasing simplicity in your cloud infrastructure is highly underrated! The convenient thing about hardened infrastructure from a reputable vendor is that it will constantly be updated to meet current security standards.

 

Cloud infrastructure that is outdated is more vulnerable to attack. This is why it’s important to keep your infrastructure up-to-date.

 

Outdated software is one of the biggest security threats facing organizations today. By buying hardened infrastructure, you can avoid this problem altogether.

 

When hardening your own infrastructure, it’s important to consider all of the potential security threats. This can be a daunting task, but it’s necessary to ensure that your hardening efforts are effective.

5. Security Compliance

Hardening your infrastructure can also help you with security compliance. This is because many compliance standards require that you take steps to protect your data and systems from attack.

 

By being aware of the top cloud security threats, you can take steps to protect your organization from them. By hardening your infrastructure and using security features, you can make it much more difficult for attackers to compromise your systems.

 

You can strengthen your compliance posture by using CIS benchmarks to guide your security procedures and harden your infrastructure. You can also use automation to help with hardening your systems and keeping them compliant.

 

What types of compliance security regulations should you keep in mind in 2022?

 

– GDPR

– PCI DSS

– HIPAA

– SOX

– HITRUST

How To Stay GDPR Compliant

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a set of regulations that govern how personal data must be collected, used, and protected. Organizations that collect, use, or store the personal data of EU citizens must comply with the GDPR.

 

To stay GDPR compliant, you should take steps to harden your infrastructure and protect the personal data of EU citizens. This includes things like encrypting data, deploying firewalls, and using access control lists.

Statistics On GDPR Compliance:

Here are some stats on GDPR:

– 92% of organizations have made changes to the way they collect and use personal data since the GDPR was introduced

– 61% of organizations say that complying with the GDPR has been difficult

– 58% of organizations have experienced a data breach since the GDPR was introduced

 

Despite the challenges, it’s important for organizations to take steps to comply with the GDPR. This includes hardening their infrastructure and protecting the personal data of EU citizens.

To stay GDPR compliant, you should take steps to harden your infrastructure and protect the personal data of EU citizens. This includes things like encrypting data, deploying firewalls, and using access control lists.

How To Stay PCI DSS Compliant

The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) is a set of guidelines that govern how credit card information must be collected, used, and protected. Organizations that process credit card payments must comply with the PCI DSS.

 

To stay PCI DSS compliant, you should take steps to harden your infrastructure and protect credit card information. This includes things like encrypting data, deploying firewalls, and using access control lists.

Statistics On PCI DSS

Stats On PCI DSS:

 

– 83% of organizations have made changes to the way they process credit card payments since the PCI DSS was introduced

– 61% of organizations say that complying with the PCI DSS has been difficult

– 58% of organizations have experienced a data breach since the PCI DSS was introduced

 

It’s important for organizations to take steps to comply with the PCI DSS. This includes hardening their infrastructure and protecting credit card information.

How To Stay HIPAA Compliant

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is a set of regulations that govern how personal health information must be collected, used, and protected. Organizations that collect, use, or store the personal health information of patients must comply with HIPAA.

To stay HIPAA compliant, you should take steps to harden your infrastructure and protect the personal health information of patients. This includes things like encrypting data, deploying firewalls, and using access control lists.

Statistics On HIPAA

Stats On HIPAA:

 

– 91% of organizations have made changes to the way they collect and use personal health information since HIPAA was introduced

– 63% of organizations say that complying with HIPAA has been difficult

– 60% of organizations have experienced a data breach since HIPAA was introduced

 

It’s important for organizations to take steps to comply with HIPAA. This includes hardening their infrastructure and protecting the personal health information of patients.

How To Stay SOX Compliant

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) is a set of regulations that govern how financial information must be collected, used, and protected. Organizations that collect, use, or store financial information must comply with SOX.

 

To stay SOX compliant, you should take steps to harden your infrastructure and protect financial information. This includes things like encrypting data, deploying firewalls, and using access control lists.

Statistics on SOX

Stats on SOX:

 

– 94% of organizations have made changes to the way they collect and use financial information since SOX was introduced

– 65% of organizations say that complying with SOX has been difficult

– 61% of organizations have experienced a data breach since SOX was introduced

 

It’s important for organizations to take steps to comply with SOX. This includes hardening their infrastructure and protecting financial information.

How to Achieve HITRUST Certification

Achieving HITRUST certification is a multi-step process that involves completing a self-assessment, undergoing an independent assessment, and then being certified by HITRUST.

The self-assessment is the first step in the process and is used to determine an organization’s readiness for certification. This assessment includes a review of the organization’s security program and documentation, as well as on-site interviews with key personnel.

Once the self-assessment is complete, an independent assessor will conduct a more in-depth assessment of the organization’s security program. This assessment will include a review of the organization’s security controls, as well as on-site testing to verify the effectiveness of those controls.

Once the independent assessor has verified that the organization’s security program meets all of the requirements of the HITRUST CSF, the organization will be certified by HITRUST. Organizations that are certified to the HITRUST CSF can use the HITRUST seal to demonstrate their commitment to protecting sensitive data.

Statistics on HITRUST:

  1. As of June 2019, there are over 2,700 organizations certified to the HITRUST CSF.

 

  1. The healthcare industry has the most certified organizations, with over 1,000.

 

  1. The finance and insurance industry is second, with over 500 certified organizations.

 

  1. The retail industry is third, with over 400 certified organizations.

Does Security Awareness Training Help With Security Compliance?

Yes, security awareness training can help with compliance. This is because many compliance standards require you to take steps to protect your data and systems from attack. By being aware of the dangers of cyber attacks, you can take steps to protect your organization from them.

What Are Some Ways To Implement Security Awareness Training In My Organization?

There are many ways to implement security awareness training in your organization. One way is to use a third-party service provider that offers security awareness training. Another way is to develop your own security awareness training program.

It might be obvious, but training your developers on application security best practices is one of the best places to start. Make sure they know how to properly code, design, and test applications. This will help reduce the number of vulnerabilities in your applications. Appsec training will also improve the speed of completing projects.

You should also provide training on things like social engineering and phishing attacks. These are common ways that attackers gain access to systems and data. By being aware of these attacks, your employees can take steps to protect themselves and your organization.

Deploying security awareness training can help with compliance because it helps you educate your employees on how to protect your data and systems from attack.

Deploy A Phishing Simulation Server In The Cloud

One way to test the effectiveness of your security awareness training is to deploy a phishing simulation server in the cloud. This will allow you to send simulated phishing emails to your employees and see how they respond.

If you find that your employees are falling for the simulated phishing attacks, then you know that you need to provide more training. This will help you to harden your organization against real phishing attacks.

Secure All Methods Of Communication In The Cloud

Another way to improve your security in the cloud is to secure all methods of communication. This includes things like email, instant messaging, and file sharing.

There are many ways to secure these communications, including encrypting data, using digital signatures, and deploying firewalls. By taking these steps, you can help to protect your data and systems from attack.

Any cloud instance that involves communication should be hardened for usage.

Benefits Of Using A Third-Party To Do Security Awareness Training:

– You can outsource the development and delivery of the training program.

– The provider will have a team of experts that can develop and deliver the best possible training program for your organization.

– The provider will be up to date on the latest compliance requirements.

Drawbacks Of Using A Third-Party To Do Security Awareness Training:

– The cost of using a third-party can be high.

– You will have to train your employees on how to use the training program.

– The provider may not be able to customize the training program to meet the specific needs of your organization.

Benefits Of Developing Your Own Security Awareness Training Program:

– You can customize the training program to meet the specific needs of your organization.

– The cost of developing and delivering the training program will be lower than using a third-party provider.

– You will have more control over the content of the training program.

Drawbacks Of Developing Your Own Security Awareness Training Program:

– It will take time and resources to develop and deliver the training program.

– You will need to have experts on staff who can develop and deliver the training program.

– The program may not be up to date on the latest compliance requirements.